The City of London is a city within a city. It’s often referred to as “the City” or the Square Mile. Despite having a population of just over three thousand, the City is a world-famous business centre to which over 300,000 people commute daily for work. The City is regarded as the second smallest British city by population, after St David’s in Wales.
The area covered by the EC3 postcode comprises the southeastern corner of the City of London. The EC4 postcode covers the southwestern corner. It was referred to as the City as far back as the 16th century, but some historians believe it could even predate the Roman invasion of Britain. The Great Fire of 1666 destroyed 80% of the City and much of it had to be rebuilt. As such, much of the area’s history is reflected in the diverse mix of architectural styles.
The City has very few historical landmarks still intact, but St Paul’s Cathedral and the Royal Exchange are two great examples of beautiful architecture. Today, the high-rise skyscrapers and lofty structures within the financial centre are what make the area notable. 30 St Mary Axe, also known as the Gherkin due to its unorthodox shape, is one of London’s most recognisable buildings.
“Often referred to as The City or the Square Mile.”